Personal Property Tax Payment and penalty
Payment of the Personal Property Tax is normally due each year by October 5 (see Tax Bill for due date).
If payment is late, a 10% late payment penalty is assessed on the unpaid original tax balance. Interest at a rate of 10% per annum is added beginning the 1st day of the month following the original due date. A collection fee of $30 is added to accounts more than 30 days delinquent. Administrative fees are added for most collection processes (liens, garnishments, registration holds, judgments, etc.)
Managing your Personal Property
The best ways to manage your tax records is to create an online account at tax.pwcgov.org. By creating an online account you have access to information and resources for managing your County taxes. For example; you can make a payment, print a copy of a tax bill, sign up for electronic billing or notifications, view the account
balance and payment history, report vehicle status changes, and report a move
and address change. Click here to register for an online account or to login (if you already have an account).
Assistance is also available by contacting Taxpayer Services:
Phone: 703-792-6710 Monday-Friday, 8:00 A.M.-5:00 P.M.
Walk-in Locations: Click here
Other contacts: Click here
What is A Personal Property Tax?
Personal Property Tax (also known as a car tax) is a tax on tangible property - i.e., property that can be touched and moved, such as a car or piece of equipment. It is an ad valorem tax, meaning the tax amount is set according to the value of the property. A higher-valued property pays more tax than a lower-valued property.
Although jurisdictions throughout Virginia levy a personal property tax, many U.S. states do not; as a result, some County residents may not be aware that a tax on personal property exists.
Revenue collected from the personal property tax is used to fund services like police and fire protection and other services such as parks, libraries, and education.
Items Subject to the Personal Property Tax
In Prince William County, a personal property tax is assessed annually (as of January 1) on automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, trailers, and mobile homes. Business are also assessed a business tangible property tax on items such as furniture and fixtures, computers, and construction equipment.
All other property; including: personal effects, household items, monies, securities, and livestock are not subject to the personal property tax.
The County maintains registration information on boats, personal watercraft, outboard motor watercraft, and boat trailers; although the tax on these items was eliminated beginning in 1998.
Prorated Personal Property Tax
Vehicles that are moved into or out of the County after January 1 are prorated based on the number of months that the vehicle is/was located in the County.
Exceptions to the prorating standard:
- Vehicle is moved out to a non-prorating Virginia jurisdiction; then the tax is not prorated.
- Vehicle is moved in from a non-prorating Virginia jurisdiction; then the vehicle is taxable in the prior jurisdiction for the entire year.
- Vehicle is moved out of Virginia and is not registered with the state where it is moved to.
* MOVING A VEHICLE OUT OF VIRGINIA. You must register the vehicle with the state where the vehicle is moved to. Failure to register will result in continued personal property tax liability with Prince William County. The Virginia Code Section 58.1-3511 - "the situs (meaning tax liability) for vehicles...registered in Virginia, but normally garaged, docked, or parked in another state shall be the locality in Virginia where registered."
Local Vehicle Registration / License Fee
A local vehicle registration fee (which is sometimes called a license fee) is imposed on vehicles normally garaged, stored, or parked in the County. The registration fee is listed on the Personal Property tax bill. The fee is collected as general revenue which is budgeted and appropriated by the Board of County Supervisors. The County registration fee does not apply to town residents or to vehicles garaged at Marine Corps Base Quantico. Residents of the towns should register their vehicles with both Prince William County and their respective town clerk or tax office.
Payment Due Date
Personal property tax bills are mailed late summer with payment due October 5 (unless this date falls on a weekend or holiday then the due date is moved to the next business day). A prorated tax bill is applied to vehicles that move into the County after June 30.
Virginia law requires localities to use a nationally recognized pricing guide as the basis for the assessment of vehicles. Prince William County contracts with the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA), as approximately 95% of all vehicles in the County can be assessed using the NADA car value guide. The values used by NADA are based on actual transactions and wholesale auctions of vehicles throughout the area for which the guide is published. Most Virginia jurisdictions use NADA to assess vehicles.
Vehicles are assessed using the January NADA clean trade-in value for automobiles, trucks, and vans. Newer vehicles not listed in the January NADA guide are assessed at a percentage of cost, or if cost information is unavailable a percentage of the manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP). Vehicles older than those listed in the NADA guide are valued at a percentage of cost, a percentage of the prior year's assessment, or other method that is representative of the value. There is a minimum assessment for vehicles and trucks depending on gross weight.
Trailers are assessed using the following depreciation schedule: 1st year - 90% of cost; 2nd year - 80% of cost; 3rd year - 65% of cost; 4th year - 50% of cost; 5th year - 35% of cost; 6th year - 20% of cost; 7th year and after - 10% of cost. The minimum assessed value of a trailer is $100 - $500 depending on gross weight.
All assessments are 100% of the indicated value.
Annual Asset Statement
In the spring of each year, owners of personal property will receive an asset summary statement. Any errors or omissions found in the statement should be reported to the County. If the statement is correct no action is needed.
Appealing a Vehicle Assessment for High Mileage
To report that your vehicle has high mileage (see chart below for minimum mileage amounts), send a copy of your last oil change invoice or your state inspection receipt along with a copy of your tax bill or state registration to PRINCE WILLIAM COUNTY, TAX ADMINISTRATION DIVISION, PO BOX 2467, WOODBRIDGE, VA 22195-2467. Write "Hi-Mileage" in the lower left corner of the envelope. Please do not send mileage information along with a tax payment.
High mileage adjustments can take time to process. You must pay your personal property tax in full by the due date and be refunded the difference. The deduction for high mileage cannot exceed 40% of the normal assessed value for the vehicle. Once a vehicle is established in our system as having high-mileage, the reduction in assessed value will continue for as long as you own the vehicle.
Minimum Mileage for High Mileage Adjustments
To qualify, vehicle mileage as of January 1, 2020, must be:
2020 model year vehicle - 10,001 miles or more
2019 model year vehicle - 20,001 miles or more
2018 model year vehicle - 35,001 miles or more
2017 model year vehicle - 45,001 miles or more
2016 model year vehicle - 60,001 miles or more
2015 model year vehicle - 70,001 miles or more
2014 model year vehicle - 85,001 miles or more
2013 model year vehicle - 95,001 miles or more
2012 model year vehicle - 105,001 miles or more
2011 model year vehicle - 120,001 miles or more
2010 model year vehicle - 130,001 miles or more
2009 model year vehicle - 140,001 miles or more
2008 model year vehicle - 150,001 miles or more
2007 model year vehicle - 155,001 miles or more
2006& older model year vehicles - 165,001 miles or more
The mileage we record in our system for your vehicle will be adjusted to 1/1/2020 by adding 1,250 miles per month if the date on your documentation of mileage is before 1/1/2020 or subtracting 1,250 miles per month if the date on your documentation of mileage is after 1/1/2020.
Appealing a Vehicle Assessment for Condition
The Code of Va. Section 58.1-3503 requires all localities to use a recognized pricing guide to value vehicles. The use of individual sales or trade-in offers as the basis for a vehicle's assessment is not permitted under state law. The Code of Va. 58.1-3515 requires localities to value property as of January 1.
An appeal can be filed if the condition of the vehicle is such that it has major structural/mechanical damage as of January 1. If you believe your assessment is in error due to the condition of the vehicle, you can file an appeal using the Appeal of Vehicle Assessment Form.
State Tax Relief (Car Tax)
Moving a Vehicle
Moving a vehicle to Prince William County from another
please report your change of address to the
Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) 804-497-7100
and then call the County at 703-792-6710
. Contact the County within 60 days of moving to avoid being assessed a late filing penalty. You should inform the County of your move even if current license fees are paid and the vehicle has a valid decal.
Moving a vehicle into Prince William County from another state, please register your change of address with the
Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) 804-497-7100
then call the County at 703-792-6710
. Contact the County within 60 days of moving to avoid assessment of a late filing penalty.
Moving a vehicle out of Prince William County. You must register the vehicle with the state and or municipality where the vehicle is moved to. Failure to update the registration will result in continued personal property tax liability with Prince William County. It is recommended that the move be reported to both the County and to the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles. If you have questions or concerns, please contact Taxpayer Services at 703-792-6710
or email to TaxpayerServices@pwcgov.org