The Constitution and Code of Virginia define the structure and function of Virginia's electoral system and the qualifications for voting and holding elective office.
The Code of Virginia, Title 24.2, Chapter 1, Article 3, provides that the majority of the Judges of the Circuit Court appoint the three members of the Electoral Board, who serve staggered three-year terms beginning March 1. Two members must be of the political party of the Governor and one of the other major party. Article II, Section 8, of the Constitution provides that the Electoral Board appoint the Officers of Election and the Registrar.
The Constitution and the Code of Virginia specify the duties of the Electoral Board. The Board must hold public meetings during the first week of February and March. It must also supervise registrations and elections; certify elections; appoint the officers of election and the registrar; prepare a budget and submit it to the County; manage the records of the Board; train officers of election; certify candidates for elective office; and recommend election districts and polling places to County Council
The Code of Virginia, Title 24.2, Chapter 1, Article 4, describes the duties of the Registrar. The Registrar manages the voter registration system; conducts a public information program; assists the Electoral Board in formulating and implementing policy; identifies externalities that will affect voter registration and elections; provides information and analysis needed to plan ahead; and coordinates programs with the State Board of Elections, County officials, Voter Registrars' Association of Virginia and other registration and election groups. The Registrar's term is four years.
Electoral Board members receive part time remuneration, paid by the County and reimbursed by the Commonwealth. The Registrar receives a full time salary, paid by the County and partially reimbursed by the Commonwealth. The Office of Elections Staff is paid by the County.