Know the State & County laws governing these kinds of vehicles!
"Electric power-assisted bicycle" means a vehicle that travels on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground and is equipped with (i) pedals that allow propulsion by human power and (ii) an electric motor with an input of no more than 1,000 watts that reduces the pedal effort required of the rider. An electric power-assisted bicycle is considered a vehicle while operated on a highway.
- "Moped" means every vehicle that travels on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground that has (i) a seat that is no less than 24 inches in height, measured from the middle of the seat perpendicular to the ground and (ii) a gasoline, electric, or hybrid motor that displaces less than 50 cubic centimeters (cc). A moped is considered a vehicle while operated on a highway.
- "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle that has a gasoline engine that (i) displaces less than 150 cc; (ii) has a seat less than 24 inches in height, measured from the middle of the seat perpendicular to the ground; and (iii) has no manufacturer-issued vehicle identification number. (Many "pocket bikes" fit this definition.)
- "Motorcycle" means every motor vehicle designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground and is capable of traveling at speeds in excess of 35 miles per hour. The term "motorcycle" does not include any "electric personal assistive mobility device," "electric power-assisted bicycle," "farm tractor," "golf cart," "moped," "motorized skateboard or scooter," "utility vehicle," or "wheelchair or wheelchair conveyance" as defined in Section 46.2-100 Code of Virginia.
- "Motorized skateboard or scooter" means every vehicle, regardless of the number of its wheels in contact with the ground, that (i) has no seat, but is designed to be stood upon by the operator, (ii) has no manufacturer-issued vehicle identification number, and (iii) is powered by an electric motor having an input of no more than 1,000 watts or a gasoline engine that displaces less than 36 cc. The term "motorized skateboard or scooter" includes vehicles with or without handlebars, but does not include "electric personal assistive mobility devices."
Bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, motorized skateboards or scooters, motor-driven cycles, or electric power-assisted bicycles:
May be driven on sidewalks, shared-use paths, or across a roadway in a crosswalk unless prohibited by traffic control devices. When crossing a roadway, the driver has the same rights and duties of a pedestrian.
Must yield to pedestrians on sidewalks and paths, and must audibly signal before overtaking a pedestrian.
Using these vehicles in play on roadways is prohibited by County Code. Motor-driven cycles may NOT be operated on a public highway. If traveling at less than the normal speed of traffic, the driver must generally ride as close as safely practicable to the right side of the road.
May NOT carry more passengers than it was designed for (except than an adult my carry a child in an appropriate child safety seat).
Drivers younger than 14-years-old MUST have immediate adult supervision.
Maximum permissible speed for these vehicles is 25 mph. Maximum permissible speed for mopeds is 35 mph.
Drivers/riders aged 14 or younger MUST wear a helmet when operating these vehicles on a sidewalk, roadway, or public bicycle path.
Drivers of mopeds MUST carry an acceptable form of identification.
Virginia State Code
Section 18.2-134 Virginia State Code and Section 14-40 Prince William County Code advises it is unlawful to trespass on another's property. This is a Class I misdemeanor with a maximum punishment of one (1) year in confinement and a $2,500 fine.
Section 46.2-915.1 Virginia State Code states it is unlawful to operate an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) on another's property without written consent on his person. This includes utility easements and rights-of-way, such as power lines, etc. The maximum punishment for this offense is a $500 fine.
Violators will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law! If more information is needed, please contact the Prince William County Police Traffic Unit at 703-792-7254.