Personal Property Tax Information
Personal Property Tax Bills
To see the amount of taxes owned and to make payments - use the County's online payment system eXpress Tax
Online Personal Property Reporting and Payment System.
- View your personal property tax balance and payment history
- Make a payment (free payment service)
- Register vehicles with the County
- Report vehicle statues - sold, purchased, disposed, or transferred
- Report that you have moved
What is the Personal Property Tax?
Personal property tax (also known as car tax) is a tax on tangible property - i.e., property that can be touched and moved, such as a car or piece of equipment. It is an "ad valorem" tax, meaning that the tax amount is set according to the value of the property. A higher-valued property pays more tax than a lower-valued property.
Although jurisdictions throughout Virginia levy a personal property tax, other U.S. states do not, and because they don't some County residence many not be aware that a tax on personal property exists.
Revenue collected from the personal property tax is used to fund general County services like police and fire protection and other services such as parks, library services, and education.
Items Subject to the Personal Property Tax
Prince William County's personal property tax is assessed annually, as of January 1, for the following:
Personal property tax applies to any vehicle normally garaged or parked in Prince William County - even if the vehicle is registered in another state or county.
Virginia law makes vehicles with an active Virginia registration taxable in the municipality where the vehicle is registered - even if the vehicle is garaged or parked in another state.
- mobile homes
- business personal property - such as furniture and fixtures, computers, and construction equipment
All other property, including personal effects, household items, monies, securities, and livestock are not subject to the personal property tax.
The County maintains registration information on boats, personal watercraft, outboard motor watercraft, and boat trailers; although tax on these items was eliminated beginning in 1998.
Prorated Personal Property Tax
The personal property tax on vehicles that are moved into or out of the County after January 1st are prorated based on the number of months that the vehicle is/was located within the County. There are three exceptions to the prorating standard.
- Vehicle is moved out to a non-prorating Virginia jurisdiction; then the tax is not prorated.
- Vehicle is moved in from a non-prorating Virginia jurisdiction; then the vehicle is taxable in the prior jurisdiction for the entire year.
- Vehicle is moved out of Virginia and is registered with the state where it is moved to.
* Owners that move their vehicle out of Virginia must register their vehicles with the state that the vehicle is moved to. Failure to register will result in continued personal property tax liability with Prince William County. The Virginia Code Section 58.1-3511 - 'the situs (meaning tax liability) for vehicles...registered in Virginia, but normally garaged, docked, or parked in another state shall be the locality in Virginia where registered'.
Vehicle License Registration Fees
License fees are collected as County general fund revenues budgeted and appropriated by the Board of County Supervisors. County license fees do not apply to residents of towns or to vehicles garaged at Marine Corps Base Quantico. In addition to registering their vehicles with Prince William County, residents of the towns should also register their vehicles with their respective town clerk or town tax services office.
Payment Due Date
Personal property tax bills are mailed out late summer. Payment is due 5 October for all vehicles located in the County as of 1 January and those moved into the County by 30 June. For vehicles moved into the County after 30 June a prorated tax bill is sent. If 5 October is a weekend or holiday the due date is moved back to the next business day. For 2014 the due date is 6 October.
Virginia law requires localities to use a nationally recognized pricing guide as the basis for assessment of vehicles for personal property tax. Prince William County contracts with the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) to electronically assess vehicles. Approximately 95% of the vehicles in the County are assessed this way. The values used by NADA are those listed in its car value guides. Values listed in these guides are based on reports of actual transactions and wholesale auctions of vehicles throughout the area for which the guide is published. Most Virginia jurisdictions use the NADA guide books. The County assesses vehicles as of January 1 of each year. The assessed value of automobiles, trucks, and vans represents the clean trade-in value obtained from NADA or from the NADA car value guide. New vehicles not listed in the January NADA guide are assessed at 90% or 95% of the manufacturer's suggested retail price (MSRP) depending on model year.
Annual Asset Statement
In the spring of each year, owners of personal property will receive an asset summary statement. Only incorrect information or changes to this form need to be reported to the County.
Appealing a Vehicle Assessment for High Mileage
Send a copy of your last oil change invoice or your state inspection receipt along with a copy of your state registration to Prince William County, P.O. Box 2467, Prince William, Virginia 22195-2467. Write "Hi-mileage" in the lower left corner of the envelope. Please do not send this information along with payment or in the envelope included with the tax bill. These adjustments will take time to process. You must pay your personal property tax in full. You will be refunded the difference. The deduction for high mileage can not exceed 40% of the trade-in value for that model year.
Minimum Mileage for High Mileage Adjustments
To qualify, the vehicle mileage as of January 1, 2014, must be
2014 model year vehicle - 10,001 miles or more
2013 model year vehicle - 20,001 miles or more
2012 model year vehicle - 35,001 miles or more
2011 model year vehicle - 45,001 miles or more
2010 model year vehicle - 60,001 miles or more
2009 model year vehicle - 70,001 miles or more
2008 model year vehicle - 85,001 miles or more
2007 model year vehicle - 95,001 miles or more
2006 model year vehicle - 105,001 miles or more
2005 model year vehicle - 120,001 miles or more
2004 model year vehicle - 130,001 miles or more
2003 model year vehicle - 140,001 miles or more
2002 model year vehicle - 150,001 miles or more
2001 model year vehicle - 155,001 miles or more
2000 & older model year vehicles - 165,001 miles or more
Appealing a Vehicle Assessment for Condition
The Code of Va. Section 58.1-3503 requires all localities to use a recognized pricing guide to value their vehicles. The use of individual sales or trade-in offers as the basis for a vehicle's assessment is not permitted under state law. Code of Va. 58.1-3515 requires localities to value property as of January 1.
An appeal can be filed if the condition of the vehicle is such that it has major structural/mechanical damage
as of January 1. If you believe your assessment is in error due to the condition of the vehicle, use the form below to file an appeal. Form Appeal of Vehicle Assessment
State Tax Relief (Car Tax)
If you moved to Prince William County from another Virginia jurisdiction
please report the change of address with the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) 804-497-7100
and then call the County at 703-792-6710
. New residence must report within 60 days of moving to the County (even if current license fees are paid or vehicle has a current year decal) to avoid being assessed a late filing penalty .
If you have recently moved from another state
, please register with the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)
, then call the County at 703-792-6710. New residence must report within 60 days of moving to the County to avoid being assessed a late filing penalty.
Military Personnel Exemptions
Active duty and retired military personnel may
be eligible for personal property tax relief. Visit the Military Personnel Exemption
page for more information.